The female gender can be defined as biological, psychological or social allocation of a human being. [1]

On the one hand, there is the biological gender (chromosome set XX) as well as primary, secondary and tertiary sexual characteristics. [STAGES OF LIFE] They differ from woman to woman, for instance, when it comes to the width of hips or the growth of breasts, and are often related to the amount of hormones in the female body. The most important ones are estrogen and progesteron[2] [3]

On the other hand, the social and psychological aspects differ depending on origin, ethnicity, educational background and class affiliation. [3] [4]

Among achievements of occidental culture are the liberty of women, juridical equality as well as women's suffrage. Women like the French writer, philosopher and feminist Simone de Beauvoir strongly supported gender equality and tried to eliminate men's supremacy. [5]

Matriarchy is the alternative form of patriarchy. It constitutes a system coined by women in which all social and legal relations are organised by maternal ancestry. There are several peoples who live in this form of society, such as the Tuaregs in Africa, the Minangkabau on Sumatra and the Mosou in China. This type of system is also prevalent among animals, like the bonobos, hyenas or elephants. [6] [7] [8] [9]

The Argentinian doctor and journalist Ricardo Coler lived with the matriarchally organised Mosuo in South China for more than two months. He reported less violence and disputes as well as a freer dealing with sexuality and relationship. There, marriage and fixed relationships are taboo; even children are threatened with marriage in case they are ill-behaved. Men living in this community state that they don't have problems with women's reign, on the contrary, they feel comfortable. [6] [9]

However, feminism doesn't aim for such a model, but calls for equal rights and chances among all genders. [10]