BAROQUE / ROCOCO 1575 – 1770

In contrast to the Renaissance art, that favoured balance and clarity, in the Baroque era exaggeration in all points was measure of all things. The Baroque emerged from the Renaissance, the Rococo followed the Late Baroque. Expressing richness, splendour and thus power by means of art, the Counter-Reformation tried to get back the protestants. Initially, France was the center of Baroque art. The exuberance of the style and the splendor of the historic era were demonstrated by the construction of exuberant châteaux, such as the reconstruction of château Versailles under the absolute sovereign Ludwig XIV. After the Thirty Years' War an increasing building activity began. The trompe l'oeil illusionism was very popular, creating, for instance, the illusion of three-dimensional architectures on ceilings. The Baroque era also is famous for its erotic paintings. Women are in the focus of men's desire and are orchestrated accordingly. Spreading erotic frisson they pose nude or scandily dressed – Rubens and Rembrandt depicting them with voluptuous forms. No sexual activities are explicitely depicted, the artists trust in the imagination of the male viewers. This way of representation is continued in the Rococo style. The passive female nude is among the favorite motifs of the courtly art.[1] From the middle of the 17th century on the corset was en vogue, women immediately forced themselves into it. The fashion of this period reflects the exuberance of art, women representing themselves exuberantly with crinolines, white powdered faces, make up and periwigs. Women's activities still were mainly restricted to the house. From the 16th century on religious orders for women were founded and offered education for girls.[2]

 13-37-Joseph und Potiphars Frau Rembrandt-Vorsch  13-38-Die drei Grazien Rubens-Vorsch  13-39-Danae Rembrandt-Vorsch