France is known as the cradle of Impressionism, from there the style spread into other European countries and ended with the Late Impressionism which perdured until 1905. Some theoreticians associate this style already to the Classic Modernism, others consider the Impressionism being its precursor. Impressionists were painting in front of the object, even in nature en pleine air for capturing the effects of sunlight and impressions during creation transforming them onto the canvas.[1] This style turns against Classicism and the strict standards stipulated by the academies. In the art of Realism already, the artists' subjective sensation and the coloring were censed more essential than the line, the imitation of Antiquity and the academic canon of rules. More and more often were depicted persons of everday life, the purchasers of the artworks were no longer only members of aristocracy and church. Art trade was established. In female nudes the century-old tradition of depicting the female genitalia in exaggerated way representing it as a smooth triangle [2] was broken step by step. The artists painted pubic hair, even the vaginal slit was indicated. For further details about women's life in the 19th century please see the text about "Realism".

 18-47-Das Warten Degas-Vorsch  18-48-Die dicke Marie Toulouse-Lautrec-Vorsch  18-49-Demaskiert Gallen-Kallela-Vorsch